نفوذ چین در پرتو نقش امنیتی آمریکا در حوزه خلیج فارس

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 گروه علوم سیاسی،واحد لامرد،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

2 گروه علوم سیاسی،واحد لامرد،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،لامرد،ایران.



برداشت‏ها در خصوص تمایل ایالات متحده به خروج از خلیج فارس با این پرسش همراه است که خلاء قدرت احتمالی ناشی از این رویداد را قدرت‏های نوظهوری همچون چین و روسیه پر خواهند کرد؟ مقاله حاضر به‏طور مشخص به‏دنبال پاسخی مناسب برای این پرسش برآمده است که «آیا افزایش علایق اقتصادی چین در خلیج فارس به اتخاذ سیاست امنیتی فعال از سوی پکن در این منطقه منجر خواهد شد؟ و چرا؟» بر پایه فرضیه مقاله «از آنجاکه ورود به چالش‏های پیچیده امنیتی خلیج فارس در تضاد با سیاست پکن مبنی استفاده حداکثری از ظرفیت‏های تجاری در جهت ارتقای اهداف راهبردی ملی قرار دارد، دیپلماسی اقتصادی چین در خلیج فارس در کوتاه‏مدت یا میان‏مدت به اتخاذ سیاست امنیتی فعال این کشور در منطقه منجر نخواهد شد.» یافته‏های مقاله که با روش‏شناسی استنتاجی ذیل نظریه پوشش راهبردی به دست آمده، ضمن تصدیق فرضه مقاله با این نتیجه همراه است که ارتقای منافع اقتصادی چین در منطقه و تلاش این کشور برای نفوذ بیشتر در کشورهای منطقه با توسل به راهبرد مصون‏سازی به طور بالقوه می‏تواند به تدریج و در طولانی‏مدت به پایان هژمونی ایالات متحده در خلیج فارس منجر شود.


عنوان مقاله [English]

China's influence in the light of the US security role in the Persian Gulf

نویسندگان [English]

  • ghaffar zarei 1
  • Mohammad Ahmadinia 2
  • ali mohammad haghighi 2

1 Department of political science

2 Department of political science

چکیده [English]

Perceptions of the US desire to withdraw from the Persian Gulf are accompanied by the question of whether the potential power vacuum created by this event will be filled by emerging powers such as China and Russia. The present article specifically seeks an appropriate answer to the question, "Will China's growing economic interest in the Persian Gulf lead to Beijing's active security policy in the region?" And why? According to the paper, China's economic diplomacy in the Persian Gulf in the short or medium term, as entering into complex Gulf security challenges is at odds with Beijing's policy of maximizing trade capacity to advance national strategic goals. "The period will not lead to the adoption of an active security policy in the region." Findings of the article obtained by the inferential methodology under the theory of strategic coverage, while confirming the hypothesis of the article, is accompanied by the conclusion that the promotion of China's economic interests in the region and its efforts to further influence the region by resorting to safe strategy Reconstruction could potentially lead to the gradual and long-term end of US hegemony in the Persian Gulf. This research is of descriptive-analytical (qualitative) type and in the process of analyzing the findings, inferential methodology has been used. Data collection was also done using the library method based on objective-historical data.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • United States
  • Strategic Coverage
  • China
  • Persian Gulf
  • Economic Diplomacy
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