راهبرد هندوآرامی آمریکا: مطالعه موردی آکوس

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکترای مطالعات منطقه ای، دانشگاه تهران

10.22034/irr.2022.339084.2177

چکیده

سه کشور استرالیا، بریتانیا و امریکا توافقی امنیتی را در تاریخ 15 سپتامبر 2021 منعقد کردند که اگرچه در ظاهر مخاطب خاصی نداشت، اما منجر به واکنش شدید چین، روسیه، فرانسه و اتحادیه اروپا گردید. هریک از این کشورها دغدغه خود را از این توافق داشتند به طوری که چین و روسیه آن را تهدید علیه خود دانسته و اتحادیه اروپا و فرانسه نیز بابت بی‌اطلاعی و لغو قرارداد زیردریایی فرانسه خشمگین شدند. این مقاله در نظر دارد با استفاده از روش تحلیلی توصیفی و بکارگیری مفهوم «برتری‌گرایی نوین»، به تبیین آکوس، ضرورت این توافق در راهبرد آمریکا و در نهایت به پیامدهای آن بپردازد. لذا سوال اصلی مقاله آن است که راهبرد آمریکا با تاکید بر توافق آکوس، نسبت به منطقه هندو-آرام چیست و این توافق چه پیامدهایی را در پی خواهد داشت؟ فرضیه نیز آن است که راهبرد آمریکا مواجهه مستقیم با چین است؛ حال آنکه راهبرد اروپا ممانعت از ورود به رقابت قدرت‌های بزرگ و مواجهه مستقیم با چین می‌باشد. از این رو آمریکا ‌با حذف اتحادیه اروپا و بویژه فرانسه، برای پاسخگویی به چالش‌ها و تهدیدات، ، سازوکاری مستقل را تشکیل داد تا از این طریق اخطاری به سایر متحدان و شرکا خود بدهد. مهمترین پیامدها نیز عبارتند از تضعیف پایبندی به عدم اشاعه هسته ای، افزایش رقابت تسلیحاتی، کاهش اعتماد اروپایی ها به آمریکا، تهاجمی‌تر شدن چین در منطقه و حرکت بیشتر به سمت استقلال راهبردی اروپا.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

U.S. Indo-Pacific Strategy: Case of AUKUS

نویسنده [English]

  • Taha Akrami

university of Tehran

چکیده [English]

The three countries of Australia, Britain and the United States signed a security agreement on September 15, 2021, which, although it did not seem to have a specific audience, but it faced a strong reaction from China, Russia, France and the European Union. Each of these countries had its own concerns about the agreement, with China and Russia considering it a threat, and the European Union and France also outraged by the ignorance and cancellation of the French submarine agreement.
B y using descriptive analytical method and applying the concept of "new superiority", this study intends to explain the necessity of this agreement in the US strategy and its consequence; So the main question of the article is, with focus on AKUS, what is the US strategy towards the Indo-Pacific region and what will be the consequences of this agreement be? The hypothesis is that the US strategy is to confront China directly; while Europe's strategy, on the other hand, is to prevent entering in Great powers competition and not to confront China directly. Thus, the United States, by eliminating the European Union, and especially France, set up an independent mechanism to respond to challenges and threats, thereby warning other allies and partners. The most important consequences are weakening adherence to non-proliferation, increase in arms race, reduce in European confidence in the United States, making China more aggressive in the region, and further moving toward strategic European independence.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: AUKUS
  • Indo-Pacific
  • U.S
  • Australia
  • U.K
 
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