برنامه هسته‌ای ایران و رژیم امنیتی خاورمیانه در دوره ترامپ

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای روابط بین الملل، گروه روابط بین الملل، واحد بین الملل کیش، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، جزیره کیش، ایران

2 دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه خوارزمی

3 دانشیار گروه علوم سیاسی و روابط بین الملل، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران.

10.22034/irr.2022.342047.2184

چکیده

مقابله با سیاست‌های منطقه‌ای ایران، یکی از موضوعات مهم در سیاست خارجی ترامپ در منطقه غرب آسیا بود. در این میان، برنامه هسته‌ای ایران از حساسیت ویژه‌ای برخوردار بود. با ورود ترامپ به کاخ سفید، رویکرد واشنگتن نسبت به برنامه هسته‌ای ایران تهاجمی‌تر شد و دولت وی تلاش کرد تا با بزرگنمایی نگرانی‌های ناشی از برنامه هسته‌ای ایران، تحولات نوینی را در منطقه پرتنش غرب آسیا ایجاد کند. این مقاله باهدف دستیابی به تحلیلی از ترسیم راهبرد ترامپ در قبال برنامه هسته‌ای ایران در تلاش است تا به این پرسش اصلی پاسخ دهد که سیاست خارجی آمریکا در قبال برنامه هسته‌ای ایران در دوره ترامپ تا چه اندازه تغیر کرد و این تغیر چه پیامدهای را بر تحولات منطقه خاورمیانه داشت؟ در راستای پاسخ به این پرسش، فرضیه مورد آزمون با اتکا به روش توصیفی – تحلیلی و آموزه‌های نظری "رژیم امنیتی" بر این گزاره استوار است که دولت ترامپ به‌صورت یکجانبه از توافق برجام خارج شد و به‌منظور ایجاد یک معماری ژئوپلیتیکی جدید، ضمن راه‌اندازی کمپین فشار حداکثری، بازسازی اعتماد میان متحدان و تغیر الگوی همسویی امنیتی چندوجهی را به‌منظور مهار مطلوب ایران فراهم کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Iran's nuclear program and the Middle East security regime in the Trump era

نویسندگان [English]

  • Morteza Aikhani 1
  • ارسلان قربانی 2
  • Mohamadreza Ghaedi 3

1 PhD student of International Relations, Department of International Relations, Kish International Unit, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran

2 Faculty of Law and Political Science, Kharazmi University

3 Associate Professor, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Foreign policy choices usually range from historical to routine decisions. Political elites may decide to start conflicts, form alliances, reach agreements, make peace with one another, establish diplomatic relations, adopt certain views on nuclear nonproliferation, or enforce sanctions against other players. This study aims to analyze the motivations behind the efforts of the United State in the verbal aspect to prevent the development of Iran’s nuclear program. To this end, it tries to answer the following main question: How has the United States’ verbal strategy for securitization of Iran’s nuclear program evolved and why is this approach so aggressive? The research hypothesis, which is examined using the descriptive-analytical method and the doctrines of security studies in the Copenhagen School, is based on the proposition that the United States’ verbal strategy has maintained its aggressive nature via exaggerating the concern that one of the aspects of Iran’s access to nuclear weapons is achieving regional hegemony, with the aim of providing the US with access to the resources of the Middle East. The results of this study indicate that the leaders of the White House are trying to ensure that the US gains access to the Middle East’s oil, protects Israel and annihilates security threats.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Iran’s nuclear program
  • Middle East
  • Trump
  • Israel
 
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