بزرگ‌نمایی تهدید و توجیه بشردوستانه برای مداخله

نویسنده

عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

با توجه به اینکه حساسیت‌های سیستمی درباره اقدامات نظامی امریکا در صحنه جهانی کمتر شده است و کشورهای برتر نظام بین‌الملل تلاشی جدی برای متوقف کردن این کشور نمی‌کنند، نقش گروه‌های ذی‌نفوذ داخلی و توجه وسیع‌تر رئیس جمهور به نظرات آنان افزایش یافته است. با وجود اینکه هیچ خطر جدی امنیت امریکا را تهدید نمی‌کرد و منافع ملی این کشور در معرض خطر نبود، باراک اوباما دستور استفاده از قدرت نظامی را علیه معمر قذافی صادر کرد.

بشردوستان لیبرال در ساختار قدرت نقش مهمی بازی کردند تا از طریق بزرگ‌نمایی تهدید، ضرورت حمله را گریزناپذیر کنند. باراک اوباما با قبول نظر بشردوستان لیبرال و تکرار این بزرگ‌نمایی به دلیل ملاحظات انتخاباتی و حفظ پایگاه لیبرال خود تهاجم نظامی علیه لیبی را منطقی و ضروری یافت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

hreat Exaggeration and Humanitarian Justification for Intervention

نویسنده [English]

  • Hossein Daheshyar

Faculty member of Allameh Tabatabai University

چکیده [English]

Given that there are fewer systemic concerns regarding US military actions in the world and that superior states in the international system do not take actions and serious reactions to curb the US, the role of internal interest groups and president's greater attention to their views has increased. Although there was no serious threat against US security and its national interests were not at risk, President Barack Obama ordered use of military force against Muammar Gaddafi.
Liberal philanthropists played a significant role in power structure to make necessity of invasion inevitable through exaggeration of threat. Accepting the views of liberal philanthropists and repeating the exaggeration out of election considerations and to secure his liberal platform, Obama found it logical and necessary to invade Libya.
The main question is why Barack Obama decided to use force against Gaddafi. A number of reasons can be provided. However, due to systemic considerations and the change in international system as well as the decreased sensitivity of the superior states toward US actions in the world, one shall turn to the domestic scene. The hypothesis is that liberal philanthropists in the ruling Democratic Party managed to sell the necessity of invading Libya through exaggeration of threat and imminence of genocide.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • System Restrictions
  • Affected Groups
  • Liberal Humanitarians
  • Risk-Taking
  • Security Phobia
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