شناسایی حداکثری و منازعات بازفرجام خاورمیانه: یک مدل نظری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار روابط بین الملل، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 دانشجوی دکتری روابط بین الملل، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

تاریخ معاصر منطقه خاورمیانه همواره با انواع منازعات همراه بوده است. شورش‌های قومی و مذهبی، ظهور انواع گروه‌های تروریستی، منازعات محلی، جنگ‌های بین دولتی و انواع مداخلات خارجی در امور دولت‌های منطقه، همه از مواردی است که مردم خاورمیانه در طول سالهای اخیر با آن مواجه بوده اند. این مقاله بر آن است که ابتدا با معرفی مفهوم «منازعات بازفرجام» به این بپردازد که با تاکید بر منازعات پس از سال۲۰۰۳، منطقه خاورمیانه محل وقوع منازعاتی تکرارشونده و بی پایان بوده است. در تحلیل چرایی و بازفرجامی این منازعات، پژوهش‌های متعددی اغلب با رویکردهای اثبات‌گرایانه انجام پذیرفته است. ادعای اصلی این مقاله این است که بررسی چرایی وقوع چنین منازعات بازفرجامی با رویکردهای غالب اثبات‌گرایانه از جمله نظریه رآلیستی قابل حصول نیست. لذا به منظور پرنمودن این خلا، مقاله با استفاده از مفهوم غیررآلیستی «شناسایی»، مدل «چهار وجهی شناسایی حداکثری» را به مثابه ابزاری نوین برای تحلیل چرایی وجود منازعات بازفرجام خاورمیانه ارائه می نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying Maximum and Open Conflicts in the Middle East: A Theoretical Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Mohamad Haji Yousefi 1
  • Mahdokht Zakeri 2

1 Associate Professor of International Relations, Shahid Beheshti University

2 PhD student in International Relations, Shahid Beheshti University

چکیده [English]

Contemporary history of the Middle East has always been associated with a variety of conflicts. Ethnic and religious uprisings, the emergence of all kinds of terrorist groups, local conflicts, intergovernmental wars and all kinds of foreign interference in the affairs of regional governments have all been the issues that the people of the Middle East have faced in recent years. This article seeks to introduce the concept of "end to end conflicts" by emphasizing the post-9 conflict, the Middle East region being the site of recurring and endless conflicts. In analyzing the causes and repercussions of these conflicts, numerous studies have often been conducted with positivist approaches. The main claim of this paper is that the examination of why such recurrence conflicts cannot be achieved with dominant positivist approaches such as realist theory. Therefore, in order to fill this gap, the paper, using the unrealistic notion of "identification", presents the "four-sided maximal identification" model as a new tool for analyzing why Middle East conflicts exist.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Reconsideration Conflict
  • Identification
  • Maximum Recognition Quadratic Model

جعفری ولدانی، اصغر (۱۳۹۴) چالش ها و منازعات در خاورمیانه، تهران: پژوهشکده مطالعات راهبردی، چاپ دوم.

حاجی یوسفی، امیرمحمد (۱۳۹۲) جنگ ایران و عراق از نگاه نظریه های روابط بین الملل، تهران: صفحه جدید.

 

 

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