عنوان مقاله [English]
The Syrian crisis from the beginning is one of the most important events that has affected the regional and international orientation of Turkey. The crisis for Turkey was a zero-sum game, in which any fundamental changes in the political and security structure of the country would affect the security and interests of Turkey. Syria is the gateway to Turkey's entry into the Arab world and Turkey's strategic connection to the Middle East. Considering the importance of the Syrian crisis over the security environment in the region, this study has discussed the impact of Syrian developments on the security and national interests of Turkey. According to research findings, the crisis in Syria has been accompanied not only by the power of the Kurds and radical Islamic groups such as ISIS along the southern borders of Turkey and the threat of national security, but also by tensions in Ankara's relationship with Damascus and its western allies, economic and political threats Has also come to Turkey. This article has been reviewed by the descriptive-analytical method within the framework of the Copenhagen School of the Islamic State of ISIL and the Kurdish Autonomous Kurds in northern Syria and the security threats posed by their emergence on the Turkish national security. He also addressed the tense relationship between the two major regional actors, Turkey and the United States.